Kidneys and Urinary System Topics
It is important to understand and eliminate the cause of skin disorders. If ovaries develop, the Wolffian duct deteriorates, and the Müllerian duct elaborates to form the fallopian tubes, uterus, and part of the vagina. The male and female genital fluids are generally regarded with disgust—they are not only excretions but sexual excretions. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The ovaries and testes begin producing much larger amounts of hormones, pubic hair appears, female breasts develop, the menstrual cycle begins in females, spermatozoa and viable eggs are produced, and males experience voice change and a sudden acceleration in growth.
Elevated Liver Levels
Canine thyroid disease can be tough to diagnose. The symptoms can be legion and sometimes contradictory: The associated diseases or conditions can be serious: The disease can be inherited or of unknown or uncertain origin. The diagnosis can be complex; the treatment as simple as supplementing a basic essential hormone. This is the description of canine hypothyroidism, the absence of sufficient thyroid hormone to maintain healthy body functions. Failure of the thyroid gland means trouble of one sort or another for the body.
The clinical signs can mimic other diseases. Weight gain, lethargy, mental dullness, skin abnormalities, weakness, and a decrease in tolerance for exercise are most often seen, along with behavioral changes that owners may not attribute to physical causes often occur: Thyroid disease is considered the most common endocrine disease of dogs.
Because susceptibility to one form of the disease may be inherited, it is of great concern to breeders. However, in spite of the attention the disease has received from researchers and the development of more precise diagnostic tests, hypothyroidism is not easy to identify. Part of the problem is that chronic or temporary illness, reproductive hormones, drugs, obesity, and exposure of the dog to temperature extremes can affect the test. Sometimes the only sure test is to supplement with thyroid hormone; if symptoms subside, the diagnosis was accurate.
Veterinarians may suggest a thyroid test if a pet has gained weight or is having chronic skin infections or if a breeding dog is experiencing reproductive difficulties, especially if the animal lacks energy and has a scruffy or dull coat. The veterinarian draws the blood and sends it to one of several laboratories with the equipment for conducting the test.
The blood sample should be taken when the dog is otherwise healthy, is not approaching or in a heat cycle, and is not taking pharmaceuticals such as steroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, or anti-seizure drugs. The latest tests include measurement of two forms of the thyroid hormones T3 triiodothyronine and T4 levothyroxine and a search for antibodies that could indicate autoimmune thyroiditis, the genetic form of the disease.
Interpretation of the numbers recorded is as important as the numbers themselves, for the relationship between the hormones is complex. In addition, normal ranges of hormone vary somewhat with the breed or mix.
Treatment consists of two daily doses of levothyroxine, the hormone identified in the test as T4. Levothyroxine is converted to triiodothyronine by the body; dogs that cannot make this conversion will need both levothyroxine and triiodothyronine.
The dosage is based on body weight; thyroid hormones are quickly metabolized and excreted from the body, so splitting the dose is most effective. One to two months after starting the dog on thyroid therapy, the veterinarian will probably want to redo the tests to make sure the levels are within the normal range.
Blood should be drawn four-to-six hours after the morning dose. Dogs on long-term thyroid therapy should have a complete panel of tests every six to 12 months. It is also a carminative, which means that it relieves you from gas troubles, and thereby, improves digestion and appetite.
Due to its essential oils, magnesium, and sodium content, cumin promotes digestion and also gives relief from stomachaches when taken with hot water. Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders. The very aroma, which comes from an organic compound called cuminaldehyde, the main component of its essential oil, activates the salivary glands in the mouth, which facilitates the primary digestion of food.
Cumin is a rich source of iron which helps in increasing hemoglobin levels, improving blood flow and also promoting a healthy menstrual cycle. An abundance of iron, the presence of essential oils, vitamin C , and vitamin A in cumin boosts our immune system in a number of ways. Vitamin C is one of the most powerful antioxidants that stimulate the function and activity of white blood cells.
It further helps neutralize free radicals that lead to many diseases, including, but not limited to, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. The presence of caffeine a stimulating agent , and the richly aromatic essential oils the disinfectants make cumin an ideal anti-congestive combination for those suffering from respiratory disorders such as asthma and bronchitis.
By eliminating as much of the mucus and phlegm as possible, it can inhibit the formation of additional material and help heal the initial condition that led to its formation in the first place. Cumin helps in protecting skin against fungal and microbial infections due to its disinfectant and antifungal properties.
It also aids in reducing signs of premature aging like wrinkles, age spots , and sagging skin. This effect is due to the presence of vitamin E which acts as an antioxidant and combats the free radicals. Cumin is a stimulant as well as a relaxant at the same time. Some of the components of cumin essential oil are hypnotic in nature and have tranquilizing effects, which also help relieve stress and anxiety that commonly cause insomnia.
It helps to decrease glucosuria, which is a condition where the urine contains too much glucose, also resulting in hypoglycemia and diabetes. It also acts as a disinfectant. The components carvacrol and thymol are responsible for this health benefit of cumin.
To reduce your cholesterol levels you can eat cumin powder mixed with yogurt. Iron-rich cumin can be a nutritious addition to the daily diet of anemic people. It helps relieve the symptoms of anemia like fatigue, anxiety, cognitive malfunction, and digestive issues.